New Zealand agriculture must embrace long term relationships with our Asian customers, in particular China, says 2011 Nuffield Scholar David Campbell of Canterbury.
"Too many New Zealanders misunderstand China and its potential. It troubles me that so many of us have such a narrow view on China given they are our number one market for the next century," he says.
Mr Campbell has just completed his Nuffield Scholarship study report detailing two Asian markets, China and India, and outlining key market advantages, challenges and high level solutions to help create sustainable and profitable future markets for NZ agriculture.
In the last decade New Zealand agricultural exports to Asia have increased 71% to NZ$6 billion with China now the largest of these Asian markets. Growth is set to continue as the Asian economies continue to outpace those of the US or Europe.
"An increasing proportion of Asia's large population will develop internationally competitive purchasing power and consumers will be more able to afford the safe, high quality and innovative foods that NZ agriculture is capable of producing," he says.
Mr Campbell spent March through August 2011 overseas as part of his Nuffield Scholarship. He said being so far away from normal life and work (Synlait in Canterbury) was a great part of the challenge and the experience. First on the schedule was a global focus tour with a group of Australian Nuffield scholars.
"We basically went around the world - Brazil, Mexico, the US, Canada, Scotland - looking at all aspects of agriculture. We looked at farms and farm systems, visited processors, research institutions, wholesalers, retailers, trade officials and government departments - even the US Congress. An important part of the whole Nuffield experience is to give a well-rounded look at agriculture globally."
David met up with his wife Sue in Italy before heading off on his own three month study tour of India, China and Japan to form the basis of his just-released report.
"China is described as New Zealand agriculture's number one market for the next century due to its on-going economic strength, population dynamics and Government policy direction. The New Zealand/China Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and our reputation for high standards of food safety represent key market advantages for us."
But he says New Zealand also faces challenges in understanding and engaging with Chinese customers, including language and cultural barriers, low purchasing power parity, New Zealand's lack of capital and scale and Chinese Government processes.
The release of Mr Campbell's report is timely given the recent interest and comment on the Chinese purchase of the Crafar farms. He doesn't want to specifically enter the debate but says it illustrates some of the key findings of his study.
"It's had a pretty thorough thrashing already. I personally believe the OIO made the right decision, and that it appears that Landcorp is doing a good job of engaging with the Chinese buyer for a win-win outcome."
"My four key solutions for China are; get closer to the customer, build relationships, extend the value chain with a 'One World' approach, and get clear on strategy so we focus our attentions on what the customer wants and how we can add value for them. China is setting up long term strategic partnerships and supply chains around the globe. They're demonstrating they want to engage with the world. NZ has natural advantages and a great reputation in agriculture so it makes sense for China to look for agricultural investments and relationships here," he says.
He says one of New Zealand agriculture's key advantages over its competitors at the moment is the country's status as the first OECD nation to sign a free trade agreement with China.
"But we're missing out on some of the benefits that the FTA has created because of an apparent fear of Chinese investment. We're really short of capital, and China has lots to invest. So we have to marry the two together - take the capital and the pathway to market, concentrate on what we do really well or where we have unique advantages, and commit to mutually-beneficial relationships. If we're too narrow-minded in our view on China, they will look elsewhere and we will miss out forever."
"If people take the time to visit China they will see there's a significant amount of pollution, large tracts of land in China are desert and there is huge pressure on natural resources to sustain their population. They just don't have the agricultural production they need to feed themselves. And they often don't trust the safety of the food that they do produce. This provides a great opportunity for New Zealand agriculture to capitalise on," he says.
India represents a significant potential market for NZ agriculture worthy of development and investment; however it is currently a much smaller market than China. One of the advantages for New Zealand agriculture is an existing "brand NZ" presence through international cricket, while market challenges include significant agricultural tariffs, diverse culture and taste preferences, low beef consumption, lack of significant cold chain and modern retail infrastructure and bureaucracy.
For India, one of Mr Campbell's four key solutions is to encourage the signing of a NZ/India bilateral FTA.
"I had never been to Asia before but that was part of the challenge for me - it was quite foreign - but I had a strong belief I needed to know more about it because it's so important to the future of agriculture in New Zealand."
He will be presenting his report to the Allflex Platinum Primary Producers Conference in March, as well as the <a href="http://www.nuffield.org.nz/NZ%20registration%20form%2013.pdf">Nuffield Conference in April</a> and is happy to discuss his findings with others in the industry interested in greater engagement with Asia.
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