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Vibration therapy trialled in young children

Contributor:
Fuseworks Media
Fuseworks Media

The Torrens Kelly family were "somewhat sceptical" when son Luke, then 12, joined a clinical trial of a new vibration therapy for cerebral palsy at the Liggins Institute. "Luke has had many therapies in the past and it is often hard to judge whether or not they have any effect," says his mother, Tracey Torrens.

It turned out that the vibration therapy was fun and easy for Luke, who is at the mild end of the spectrum, and caused him to gain 2kg in muscle mass after five months. "What was really special to see was how he regained confidence in sport and was happy to partake in handball at school this year."

Luke was one of 40 people with cerebral palsy, aged 11 to 20, in the trial, which showed vibration therapy increased strength and mobility.

Now the same therapy will be trialled in younger children thanks to a grant of $390,000 over three years from The Jubilee Crippled Children Foundation Trust, which also funded the original research along with the Sir David Levene Foundation.

"Together, these studies will identify who will benefit the most from vibration therapy and what is the best protocol - frequency and duration - according to their health and age," says study lead Dr Silmara Gusso, a Research Fellow at the University of Auckland’s Liggins Institute.

"Our hope is that our research will enable practitioners to develop new physical therapy programmes tailored for individual kids and young adults which incorporate vibration therapy alongside other tools, giving these young people the most benefits possible."

The findings, published in 2016, attracted international attention. "I had parents from around the world asking for more details, or saying thank you for doing research in this area, which is quite humbling," says Dr Gusso.

Many asked where to buy the special vibration plate, which costs $5000-$6000.

Waitakere College in West Auckland, one of the high schools involved in the original trial, was so impressed by the benefits they saw in their students, they are now looking at buying one.

"Many of our students in the trial had improved bone density, muscle mass and some impressive improvements in their walking speed, which can make a huge functional difference in their lives as they can better keep up with their peers," says Fleur White, a paediatric physiotherapist at the school.

Children with the disorders have reduced muscle and bone mass, and muscles that normally work in complementary action will simultaneously go into spasm, making movement difficult, and leading to muscle wasting over time. About half of children have a raised risk of bone fractures, partly because their muscles aren’t pulling on their bones in the normal way to promote healthy bone development.

Until now, treatments to relieve the condition’s effects have been fairly limited: injection of botox, surgery, passive stretching by physiotherapists and injection of bisphosphonates to increase bone density.

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