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Funding for research into early detection test for bowel cancer

Contributor:
Fuseworks Media
Fuseworks Media

A researcher aiming to develop an early-detection genetic-based test for bowel cancer is one of several University of Otago researchers who have been awarded almost $1.5 million in Health Research Council funding.

The council has announced today that six University of Otago researchers have secured $1,497,138 million for Emerging Research First Grants, a fund dedicated to people who are beginning their research career.

A maximum of $250,000 is available over a three-year period for health researchers with a clear development pathway who are working in a strongly supportive research environment.

Dr Kirsty Danielson, from the University of Otago, Wellington, will receive $249,984 to investigate developing biomarkers for early diagnosis of bowel cancer, also known as colorectal cancer or rectal cancer.

New Zealand has one of the highest rates of bowel cancer in the world, resulting in about 1200 deaths annually. Two key ways bowel cancer related deaths can be reduced are by earlier diagnosis of the disease and through optimising treatment plans for patients.

Dr Danielson explains that tumour cells release small ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules that circulate in the blood plasma which have recently been identified as novel biomarkers for bowel cancer.

This study will use cutting-edge RNA sequencing technology to discover potential RNA biomarkers for early diagnosis of bowel cancer and for prediction of response to radiation therapy before surgical removal of the tumour. RNA markers identified will also be investigated in tumour cells to determine how they affect the behaviour of cancerous cells and the response to radiation treatment.

University of Otago Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research and Enterprise) Professor Richard Blaikie is delighted to see support for the country’s future research leaders.

"I am glad that this diverse range of impactful research has been funded to address important issues in human health and wellbeing," Professor Blaikie says.

Other successful researchers are:

Dr Rachel Purcell, University of Otago, Christchurch: The gut microbiome in bowel cancer ($249,477)

Dr Purcell and her colleagues were the first in the world to show that differences in the gut microbiome were linked to different genetic types of bowel cancer. Her emerging researcher grant will extend this work by subtyping colorectal tumours from the Cancer Society Tissue Bank and studying their microbiomes, with the ultimate goal of developing earlier detection methods and improved treatments for colorectal cancer.

Dr Sarah Appleby, University of Otago, Christchurch: Role of myoregulin in cardiovascular disease ($249,265)

Dr Appleby will study a protein called myoregulin, which is produced by what was previously thought to be "junk DNA". Myoregulin is thought to play a key role in controlling calcium levels in muscle cells which is extremely important for normal heart functioning, and is altered in a heart attack. Dr Appleby will measure the levels of myoregulin in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain to determine whether it has potential as a test to diagnose those having a heart attack.

Dr Aaron Stevens, University of Otago, Christchurch: Inflammation and ageing ($249,137)

Dr Stevens will study how chemicals produced by bacteria affect our bodies’ immune response to pneumonia. His study will focus specifically on the impact of chemicals associated with inflammation and infection, as well as understanding how the process differs as we age.

Dr Kate Thomas, Dunedin School of Medicine: Optimisation of pre-operative cardiovascular fitness: The heat vs HIIT study ($249,615)

Patients awaiting hip or knee joint replacement surgery are often limited in their ability to exercise due to pain and reduced mobility. This randomised controlled trial aims to test and compare two novel interventions prior to surgery - heat therapy and upper-limb high-intensity interval exercise - to enhance fitness, cardiovascular health and quality of life, thereby improving surgical outcomes.

Dr Rebecca Dyson, University of Otago, Wellington: Omega-3 for improvement of cardiometabolic outcomes following preterm birth ($249,660)

About seven per cent of New Zealand’s babies are born prematurely and as these children grow up, they face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease as adults. Omega 3 is essential for normal cardiovascular tissue development and levels of omega 3 are depleted in pre-term babies. Dr Dyson will investigate whether application of omega-3 can help reduce cardiovascular dysfunction.

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