By Frank and Muriel Newman
A sprinkle of herbs is an easy way to add a sophisticated taste to the most basic of meals (which is a good thing given oily ragger culinary artists tend to work with simple low cost ingredients). There is a lot that could be said about herbs but here is a quick guide to some easy-to-grow herbs and how to and when to use them.
Parsley - Parsley is rich in nutrients and a great way to sneak "greens" into the family diet. It is commonly used as a garnish or finely chopped in soups, sauces, meat dishes, mashed potatoes and carrots, in stuffing and in salads. In fact it can be sprinkled on virtually anything - okay, maybe not ice cream! It is easy to grow from seedlings. Nipping out the tops out will encourage growth.
Mint - Mint is so rampant that it should be contained in pot or its own confined spot in the garden. It is best known as the main ingredient of mint sauce used with roast lamb. As well it adds a uniquely fresh flavour to boiled potatoes and peas.
A reader suggests that it you add fresh mint and a slice of lemon to a cool jug of water, you will be able to delete fizzy drink from your weekly shopping list!
Thyme - The most popular varieties are common thyme and lemon thyme. It is used in soups, stuffing, meat loaves, roasted meats, casseroles, stews, egg dishes, salads, breads, sauces, spreads and vegetables. Cutting the bush back in winter will encourage new growth.
Basil - An ideal pot plant for the patio garden or a warm sunny spot on the kitchen windowsill as they need warmth and regular watering. The most common variety is sweet basil. When cooking, think basil and tomato: it is ideal for tomato soups, tomato salads, tomato sauce, tomato paste, tomato this and tomato that - so much so that it is often referred to as the tomato herb.
Rosemary - A strong smelling evergreen shrub the upright varieties are best for cooking. Picking out the tips will keep young plants bushy and new growth can be encouraged by cutting older bushes back to half that year's growth at the end of the summer. It is commonly used with roast meats, especially lamb but also chicken or game. Impress your friends by using Rosemary spikes as the skewer for meat and vegetable kebabs, or throw some sprigs on the hot coals to add aroma to BBQ meat. A few sprigs of rosemary placed in the roasting dish with a medley of vegetables and garlic will bring out wonderful flavours and turn a simple serving of roast vegetables into fine oily rag cuisine.
Oregano - There are several varieties of oregano but Greek oregano is the one generally preferred for cooking. Like rosemary and thyme it needs full sun and soil that's not too fertile. It is also suited to growing in pots. The plant will last for many years, but does need to be nipped back to encourage new growth. It is frequently used in Italian cooking and combined with basil in tomato dishes to create a distinctive Italian taste.
A reader from Auckland says, "If you have a glut of herbs in your garden such as parsley, mint, basil and thyme, don't leave them to get past their best but pick, wash, dry and put in plastic bags in the freezer. They become crisp when frozen, so crush up ready to use."
Here's a quick check list to see if you have the right herb for the dish.
- Egg & Chicken Dishes - Tarragon, chervil, basil, or chives.
- Fish - Marjoram, thyme, basil, sage.
- Ground Beef - Basil, marjoram, thyme, parsley.
- Lamb - Marjoram, rosemary, mint.
- Pork - Sage, basil.
- Poultry stuffing - Marjoram, thyme, basil, sage.
- Vegetables - Marjoram, basil, chervil, rosemary.
Frank and Muriel Newman are the authors of Living off the Smell of an Oily Rag in NZ. If you have a favourite tip, please send it in to us so that we can share it with others. You can contact us via the oily rag website (www.oilyrag.co.nz) or write to Living off the Smell of an Oily Rag, PO Box 984, Whangarei.
* Frank and Muriel Newman are the authors of Living Off the Smell of an Oily Rag in NZ. Readers can submit their oily rag tips on-line at www.oilyrag.co.nz. The book is available from bookstores and online at www.oilyrag.co.nz.
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