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Horn of Africa - Key Facts and Figures from UNICEF

Contributor:
Fuseworks Media
Fuseworks Media

General Information

An estimated 12.5million people in the Horn of Africa need urgent humanitarian support

Over 2.3 million children are estimated to be malnourished across the region

Over half a million severely malnourished children are at imminent risk of death

In parts of Southern Somalia children under 5 are dying at a rate of 15 per 10,000 per day

Famine has been declared in Lower Shabelle and parts of Bakool in southern Somali as well as in the agropastoral areas of Middle Shabelle, Afgoye IDP settlement and the Mogadishu IDP Community.

Other southern regions of Somalia may also reach famine in the coming weeks

Tens of thousands of people have died and many more lives are at risk

3.7 million people in Somalia, almost half the population, are in crisis

1.4 million children in southern Somalia alone are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance

In Somalia only 30% of the population has access to clean water

This is not just a food crisis but a crisis for child survival. Malnutrition isn't just the result of a lack of food but a combination of other factors like poor health services and unsafe water.

This is a double disaster - while the situation is most dire for those displaced inside Somalia and the refugees recently arrived in Kenya and Ethiopia, the majority of people affected by the drought live outside the camps in pastoralist communities across the region

Much more needs to be done now to stop the situation from worsening. Lost time now means more children's lives lost

Health and Malnutrition

Famine is declared when more than 30% of children under five years of age are acutely malnourished, people are receiving considerably less than 2100 calories a day and more than two people are dying per 10,000 every day (or four child deaths per 10,000 children).

In Somalia more than 780,000 children under the age of five are acutely malnourished

In most regions of the south of Somalia 1 in 5 children are severely malnourished. In some areas as many as 1 in 3 are severely malnourished and at high risk of death

Malnourished children are especially susceptible to disease. In Southern Somalia vaccination coverage is just 26 per cent - one of the lowest in the world

Measles and malaria epidemics are expected when the seasonal rains come in October. Already suspected measles outbreaks have been reported in Ethiopia. During the 1991/2 famine, a significant number of deaths followed the start of the October rains because health interventions were inadequate to prevent major disease outbreaks

There are an increasing number of confirmed cases of cholera in Mogadishu and reports of growing numbers of acute watery diarrhoea in the port city of Kismayo.

Immediate assistance is needed to stop the situation worsening in the coming months.

Displacement and Internally Displaced People (IDP)

The drought has created an influx of refugees from Somalia to Kenya and Ethiopia. At present there are more than 760,000 refugees in need of assistance

Current estimates are that 3,500 people are arriving each day in Kenya and Ethiopia (1300 to Dadaab in Kenya)

The total population of the Dadaab camps is 400,000, including 225,000 children. Children and women represent 80 percent of the total population of the camps.

1.46 million people are displaced within Somalia and living in poor conditions (58% are children).

The majority of IDPs (409,000) are living along the Afgooye Corridor, a 30 kilometre stretch of road between Mogadishu to Afgooye Town.

UNICEF support for children

UNICEF is massively scaling up our work across the Horn of Africa providing therapeutic foods, water and sanitation and carrying out huge vaccination campaigns

UNICEF is the single largest agency delivering therapeutic and supplementary nutrition services in Somalia, working in all areas of the South either with our own staff or with long-term partners.

UNICEF is providing assistance to people wherever they are located. The priority is to reach people before they have to move from their homes.

In the first 12 days of August UNICEF flew in more than 530 tons of supplies to the region. This week we airlifted to Mogadishu and other parts of southern Somalia enough therapeutic foods to treat 4300 severely malnourished children

In Somalia alone, UNICEF is the main provider of high-calorie therapeutic food, and supports 800 feeding centres in Somalia (500 in the south). With partners UNICEF aims to reach 33,500 acutely malnourished children a month in the south of Somalia alone.

Since July emergency health supplies have been distributed through hospitals in southern Somalia and are benefiting 130,000 people. UNICEF is also distributing cholera kits.

Since July UNICEF has ensured safe and clean water supplies for nearly half a million people in Mogadishu, Somalia.

UNICEF's main area of scaling up is 'blanket supplementary feeding' where we aim to cover the gap of lack of food aid to reach 150,000 families in Somalia in the next two months. In Lower Shabelle we began this work last week where we aim to reach all children under 5.

UNICEF is targeting a total of 1.8million people with water and sanitation services in the region

UNICEF's health interventions will reach 2 million women and children. We have launched a massive vaccination campaign for children living in the host communities around Dadaab refugee camp in Northern Kenya. The campaign is targeting almost 203,000 children under five. UNICEF is also working with partners to vaccinate every child in Somalia (under the age of 15) against measles - a total of 2.5 million children.

Supporting UNICEF's work

UNICEF needs an estimated USD$315m to the end of 2011 with a current shortfall of USD$127m.

Means to save children's lives are inexpensive and every donation matters

For only NZ $40, 100 children can be vaccinated

Sachets of oral rehydration salts cost only NZ 10c each

Packets of therapeutic foods cost only NZ 70c each

Please donate now at <a href="http://www.unicef.org.nz">www.unicef.org.nz</a> or call 0800 800 194.

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